Why would I need to start using Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology

Due to the fact of the bear market in crypto currency and blockchain technology nowadays, most especulator who invest in the recent bull run are taking there stakes to avoid more loses and think it is just a fad or bubble. While critics always throws stories about cryptocurrency that it is for illegal activities, scam and all other sort of negative stuff.

This is the exact event happened in the late 90’s when the so called internet pops. People think it is not going to succeed and no one wants to use it other than those people who is on illegal activities.

Look at the internet now, it is widely adopt around the globe of all ages. Even your little one is using YouTube watching nursery rhymes. Newspapers shift to internet long before shoppers start to embrace online shopping.

Do you think it could come into reality back in the 90’s? Of course not if you are among the people who afraid to embrace change. But for the people who sees the future, they already see this event will come to life.

Now that the history repeats itself once again in the form of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency. Especulators and critics thinks it is just a fad or bubble that pops in the late 2017 and early 2018.

Reason why cryptocurrency price went into unrealistic peaks.

The only reason why the recent bull run comes into that unrealistic peaks happened in late 2017 and early 2018 is because, especulators over hype cryptocurrency news and many people jump into cryptocurrency and invest into ICO to take away money. But instead of taking profits with them they take lost due to the no brainer investment scheme they made.

Now to retaliate, this no brainer especulators keep throwing negative news and stories about cryptocurrency and blockchain technology. They claimed they’re scam and blamed all the looses to the technology which in fact it is all there fault.

And for those investor who have lost fate in blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies due to the fact of the current bear market, they will turning back from the future and follow the path of missing out.

The blockchain technology and cryptocurrency is still on it’s infancy or at the stage of illimination. Where in the best, already working, helpful and problem solver is here to stay and the become a future. While the over hype, scam bait and not working blockchain will illiminates and gone forever.

Blockchain technology and Cryptocurrencies is the future.

What you are seeing now is the same FUD, just like what the internet was getting in the early 90’s. In fact if you joined the bandwagon today, you are became one of those lucky sole being called as the early adapters to cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology! Your lucky because, it will be the future.

Why do I say that cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology become the future.

Look inside your wallet or purse, what is in there? Perhaps some paper bills, coins, credit card, debit card, loyalty card or bank account number. Did you know that you don’t really own those valuable you think you own?

Yes, it doesn’t belong to you. The paper bill and coins is solely own by the government. While the digital cash your starring at when you checked your credit card, debit card and loyalty card balance is also not really yours. They belong to the card issuer, the only thing you own is the plastic cards.

Probably you think that I am insane, telling stuff with no basis. Here is the scenario, have you ever experienced to lost some money from your savings bank account. And then you made a call to the bank customer service hotline to file dispute, then the person on the other side get some of your personal information and promise you a callback that in fact you will waiting for nothing.

Then you call them back to follow up the status of your dispute but instead of getting the answer you are expecting. They again get some of your personal information to which according with just a confirmation. And get another promise list of promises.

It will repeatedly happened again and again until you lost your patience and let it go. What if that same thing will one day happened in a big scale. ATM machines go offline and the bank declare bank holiday. Then you call the bank customer hotlines and only the automated answering machine answered your call.

If that happened one day all your money will gone and those plastic card you own is just a worthless garbage. The same thing on what happened to the government back paper bills and coins. With over productions it will devalued and become just a rubbish one day.

But with cryptocurrencies as long as you safe keep the private keys of your holding your valuable will be yours forever. Even if the whole internet will gone offline once it is restored your money is there, safe and sound over the blockchain. Likewise, the production of cryptocurrencies is limited unlike fiat cash that is prone to inflations.

What is best blockchain so far?

At this point I suggest you to make your own research too. But in my opinion, the best blockchain and cryptocurrency is the one that have a helpful and working product. Beware of hypes and over rated with no live product. The following are on my list;

Steem (STEEM)

Steem blockchain focused it’s mission and vision to a censore less social media and smart contract platform. Unlike centralized social media, the user of this platform is being paid for there effort and contribution. As of the moment, steem blockchain already generate an over a billion dollars of reward and pay it to it’s users.

However, the pitfall of steem blockchain economy was it is prone to inflation rate. Because, number of steem will be doubleb year after year.

But when it comes to a working product, it is I think a established decentralized blogging platform, gaming platform, community of like minded individual and more and more decentralized application will come since the development is continues.

You can access the steem blockchain blogging platform using the following apps, steemit.com, busy.org. Games is through steemmonster.com, staging.drugwars.io. For Android and iOS, you may download esteem or partiko app.

Bitcoin (BTC)

Bitcoin is the pioneer, leading cryptocurrency and one of the most busy blockchain. The only way you get Bitcoin is to buy it from the exchange or by mining.

The pitfall of Bitcoin in my opinion is it was forked so many times which I think it’s reputation as unique blockchain was lost. In addition, it doesn’t offer any live product other than being a payment processor and value storage.

Since, the development continues, maybe one day Bitcoin Blockchain will also introduced it’s own live product that is somehow useful to human kind.

Ethereum (ETH)

It’s sometimes second or third in market cap, ethereum blockchain at the moment houses hundreds of decentralized games, thousand of smart contract and nearly hundred thousand of dApps as the development continues.

The only pitfall of ethereum blockchain in my opinion is the network clogging due to the Smart Contracts and dApps running on it’s network.

But when it comes to it’s economy, ETH do featuring max supply. Therefore, holders not to worry about it the inflation.

You can obtain ethereum (ETH) from exchange or mine for it.

Ripple (XRP)

Ripple is a centralized blockchain that operates under the bank supervision. 100% premined and can only obtain from buying it to exchange.

Pitfall of Ripple in my opinion are the following; for being a centralized blockchain, govern by banks which somehow a reason why many investors will jumping in because they know how greed bank is, and 100% of coins are all mines.

Things to consider before buying TV in the Philippines, a helpful tips.

Buying a new TV regardless the brand is really frustrating nowadays especially when it comes to after sales service. Since TV’s is an electronic and electricity powered appliances, when it going to crash and malfunction is unpredictable. Therefore, for you to avoid the future frustrations here are some helpful tips to consider before you buy TV here in the Philippines.

Buy TV with huge numbers of Service Centers.

The more the service center the TV brand have connected with, the better. Why? Because, it has a competition between service centers. And since service centers is a third party player and not really own or connected to the TV brand, the turn around time when you get the service is more faster.

Look only for TV brand with established service center in you area.

Like as discussed earlier, the life of your TV is unpredictable, it will crash and malfunction anytime regardless what brand it is. Therefore, an easy access to after sales service is truly important.

Buy only a TV brand who is offering home service.

This is the most important factor to consider before buying a TV, regardless of it’s size they should offer a home service. There are TV brand out in the market today that do not cater home service for sizes less than 32 inches, which I think isn’t fair. Therefore, before buying asked the sales promoter if they’re offering home service. Because, the time you wasted in there deffective product is priceless. Better avoid buying it.

Buy TV with 24 hours call toll free hotline.

A 24 hours toll free hotlines is also important for the following reasons; you need an assistance on how to operate the TV in the middle of the night. And why would you spend cash for NDD calls to the hassle that is not really your fault. It’s a factory defect. Therefore, toll free hotlines with 24/7 access it really important.

Easy to get an answer from your query over the phone.

Yes they have 24 hours toll free hot-line, but have you get the service you want from them? Therefore, before buying a TV, give it a try to test there hotline number first. Call them and asked something. If you get a good answer then they’re good. But if you find yourself waiting to the other line for someone pick the phone or left you hang for more than a minute then this is a really bad sign. Don’t ever think to buy TV from that brand. What if you really need a help and none from them is there to help you, it’s frustrating isn’t it.

Checked the warranty policy.

Checking the after sales service policy is also important. Asked for what is warranty covered and what is not. Also be vigilant, some TV company do not covered the rusty screen panel frame which resulted to line on screen. Rather they declare it water damaged or animal urine. In my opinion not all the time a rusted metal frame is cuase by water damaged or animal urine. Sometimes the TFT set also producing liquid like substance that cause corrosion.

Buy only a TV brand offering two years warranty or longer.

Some people think warranty period is not important, thinking that there TV will last long because of it’s brand name. And they’re all got it wrong, an average TV lifespan will only last for a year. Therefore, if you got two years TV warranty or more, the chance of getting a replacement without buying a new one is higher. Since, TV model change really quick you might get a new model with an improved features without spending a dime or few.

Do I need to consider the TV brand name?

Sometimes choosing a brand of which is a best TV is also very tricky, a sales person that assisting you might tell you some deceiving facts in order to close a deal. One best example of it is “this TV is an American brand” but the fact is almost all inexpensive consumer electronic item nowadays is China made. I am not against the Chinese people or China, in fact my grandmother is from Guangdong (formerly Canton Province), a coastal province of southeast China, borders Hong Kong and Macau. Therefore, do your own research to identify where those brand component is coming from.

Should I buy a China made TV brand?

Yes, there’s nothing wrong with Chinese made brand. In fact most of the consumer electronic product nowadays are Chinese made. Even the most expensive Apple products to the inexpensive transistor radio.

How to I noticed where do the TV is made?

Look at the back of display TV and you will find out where country is made. However this is also deceiving, most of this product are just assembled only in that pertaining country but the components and all the parts is somehow imported from China.

How to notice if the TV component and parts is Chinese made?

Do not believe on what you heard from the sales person. What ever he is talking about the product is always for there own good. Once it is a less expensive, the TV product is somehow from China. Because, if you’re the owner of the company and want to bag more profit even you sold your product in the cheapest price. Then you will import component and parts from the country that will afford to give you cheapest.

Why most of the electronic parts and component is imported from China?

Simply, Chinese electronic component, parts or evev products is far more less expensive than from other countries. Therefore, a company than what to cost cut and earn more profit will import component from China as I mentioned earlier.

Should I consider the higher the price the better when buying?

In my own experience as a consumer, the higher the price tag is, the better the product, it will last longer than the inexpensive one. But in the case of TV or electronic consumer products, they all the same. There lifespan is unpredictable therefore the after sales is really important. But when it comes to features, quality of display, design and materials where it made. Expensive TV is better than less expensive one.

Why do a sales person pushed me to buy the less expensive TV?

Are you one of those people who is a victim of the sales deception. You already decided for which TV model you want to buy, but the sales person whispered negative things in your ears about that certain model of TV you really want to take home with you. Then they will lure you to the nearest display with less expensive price tag and discuss about the features somehow, you never tried because, there is in fact no internet connectivity in the area or no time for testing. So many blah, blah, blah, of never heard features as if you can use them or function well without any issue. If yes, then you are now a garbage collector.

As a consumer electronic sales consultant for sometimes now, this technique is the most effective way to sell out the product that is soon out on the market. In this way the TV buyer or feel that the sales person is truly care about them but the truth is they’re not. They are just want to push the obsolete products. Therefore, if you find out that the model you want is not available then jump on the next TV authorized dealer.

Don’t be trick, same function but different names.

Another tricky stuff on buying new TV set nowadays is when you look at there offered features. There are different names but the functionality it offers is the same with what the other brands features. Don’t be a victim of there explanation, all brand of TV generic features comes the same nowadays. They’ll only renamed it for what is best for them.

For Android TV buy only a TV with full Google license.

Not every Android TV is the same and not every Google license TV is the same. Android TV comes into two category, the Android TV and the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) TV. The AOSP TV comes in with limited support and doesn’t grant an access to Google services. On the other hand, an Android TV is also devided into two category, Android TV limited Google license and Android TV full Google license.

How to notice an Android TV with full Google license?

Simply, browse to the Google play services or Google play store on the TV and try to install Google chrome or other browser. If you can able to download Chrome or Firefox browser then the TV comes with full Google license. Otherwise, it is limited Google license.

Why I can’t install Google chrome on my Android TV from Google play store?

Have you been promised by sales person to be able to install all applications from Google play store. But when you get home and try to install a simple Google Chrome browser, but how unlucky you can’t find one then you made a call to the TV Hotline number and they say, the Google Chrome is not built for TV but rather try to find the TV browser and install it. Then your confusing right now but still gladly do install the browser you never heard before and try to use it but it crash often. The reason, you have buy an Android TV with limited license from Google.

Test for Netflix certified TV to avoid return hassle.

There are countless of complaint about “Netflix is not certified with your TV”. Yes, they do exists, there are some TV brand model that is not Netflix certified because, they don’t have license to use the Netflix product. Therefore, as a new TV buyer, to avoid future frustrations you should need to test the TV for Netflix first before buying it. Luckily, there is no way to determine if its not a Netflix certified but to installed the app and test it with your account.

Avoid buying TV with Analog Reception.

Very soon, here in the Philippines, analog broadcast will be replaced with full Digital broadcast. And digital broadcast is far more clearer and vivid than the analog. Therefore, considered to buy TV that has a capability to receive digital channels.

How to notice a Digital TV?

Asking the same person is one thing but if you want to confirm and see it by yourself, look at the back of the TV. With the current design, Digital TV always comes with two coaxial cable receiver. Where in the one reciever is labeled with AIR and the other one is labeled with CABLE.

Buy only a full HD TV.

The Philippines is heading to digital broadcast and for you to appreciate the digital broadcast service as well as the images, you must have an at least full HD TV.

Buy TV only with cash.

When you have cash in hand and planning to buy a new LED TV, then buy it with cold cash. It’s because most authorized TV dealers always give a cash buyer a big discounts compare to credit card straight payment or ATM cash payment. Sometimes you even received another freebies for paying cash. But some people thinks that, why should I buy my cash if it’s offered for 0% interest payable for 12 months? Yeah, sure but wait does it really offered 0% interest or with hidden interest.

0% interest is not exist, it always have an interest.

The truth with 0% interest is, there is no such thing as 0% interest as they advertise to the public. In fact the product was sold to consumer with 20% to 30% markup from it’s original price while 30% to 50% markup on there so called 0% interest deal. Therefore, always pay cash when buying LED, Android, Smart or OLED TV.

Author Insights about buying TV

Buying which brand of TV that is perfect for you is not made simple. The money you might spend is not small and the experience you might expecting might not met or the after sales service might be very frustrating. Therefore, I made this helpful tips to consider that might work with buyer all over the world. This is only my opinion as TV sales and service consultant who experience the frustrations of consumers.

Helpful Review of Skyworth TB600 Sound Bar Bluetooth Speaker

If a huge and a half dozen sorts of speakers and wires doesn’t excite you, then, you may consider a Bluetooth sound bar speaker system. Yes, why would you need a big speaker for a big sound if a small size dole out great sound for its very affordable price.

The Skyworth TB600 sound bar Bluetooth speaker is capable for a much louder and wonderful sound than what everyone is expected for its size. Furthermore, it comes in a compact package that will easily fit in most living room setups. Plus an aluminum front panel design will perfectly mix in your living room, whatever your preferences from the simplicity of pared back Scandi style to an electric mix of color, texture and pattern.

And since, Skyworth TB600 is a Bluetooth speaker the ability to cast directly from your mobile phone simplifies music streaming. It’s sound also perfect with movies and regular channel broadcast as well as gaming.

Unboxing Skyworth TB600 sound bar Bluetooth Speaker

Actual Skyworth TB600 Photo from the box, it included the Speaker operating manual and other accessories.

Lightweight, just a width of 3 inches, height of three inches and forty inches in length. Elegant, with aluminum and silver panel design it’s pleasing enough to one’s eye although constructed of plastic.

A set of control button is adjacent to it’s circle design screen that displays the status of your sound bar activity. And since input buttons it limited, so manually switching until you find what you want is easy.

Unlike some other bluetooth sound bar speakers, the Skyworth TB600 won’t need to sit upright, it can be lay in-front of your TV set or can be wall mounted.

Skyworth TB600 Bluetooth Soundbar Speaker Features:

AUX-in: it allows user to play music using 3.5 mm earphone jack from source to TB600 Soundbarer

MP3 Link: If you have mp3 server you can connect TB600 into that device and play all want.

Bluetooth: It is a function where you can able to cast music from your smart phone to speaker via bluetooth.

FM Radio: With the help of RF receiver, you can enjoy local FM channel in your area.

Why should I consider to buy Skyworth Brand?

It is another good question, yes, there’s a wide selection of consumer electronics brand out there and Skyworth is just one of them. In my own opinion, its a price wise and perhaps look for the aftersale service, since, all of those brands out there is uses the same exact component then as a buyer, choose the inexpensive yet the quality and aftersale service is retain.

And furthermore, the most important thing before buying goods like sound bar Bluetooth speakers, is look for the warranty, parts availablity and the number of service centers that can able to cater your product in case it became deffective. Because, it is just an electronic device wherein you do not know when to crash.

Years or Months of Skyworth TB600 warranty?

Another important factor to look at before considering buying an electronic consumer goods is the range of offered warranty. For the Skyworth TB600 Bluetooth speaker, Skyworth Philippines offering 6 months limited warranty to all of it’s inexpensive speakers. And that 6 months warranty for me is fair enough but other brand do offer atleast one year warranty.

What is the coverage of the warranty?

Again as per Skyworth Philippines warranty policy written on the waranty certicate, it only covering the factory defect or issue. Beyond that such as natural disaster, user negligience and other natural phenomenom is not get covered with the six months warranty.

Where do I call in case Skyworth TB600 malfunction?

In case the TB600 Speaker will get deffective after buying, you may call Skyworth hotline at number (02)555-1555. At the moment of writing, Skyworth Philippines doesn’t have a toll free hotline. Somehow soon they offer such service too.

Replacement policy for Skyworth TB600?

As DTI standard based on R.A. 7394 also known as the Consumer Act of the Philippines, the buyer has the right to replace the unit within 7 days period. However, on the Skyworth Philippines side they do have a 30 days replacement policy. Therefore, you can get a replacement within that 30 days period.  

How do I avail the Skyworth 30 days replacement policy?

Simply, everyone who buy a deffective product within 30 days period from the date of purchase will enjoy that privilage. But wait, according to it’s warranty policy, Skyworth Philippines technical team will need to check the product first and they will decide if it is for replacement or not. Therefore, not everyone enjoy the 30 days replacement privelage especially those who damged there product maliciously.

Available Service for Skyworth TB600?

Since it is an electronic devices who uses electricity to function, the time it crash is unpredictable. If the power surge up or down, the Skyworth Bluetooth speaker might crash down. So it turns out, that the availability of Service Center in your area is very and really important.

As confirm over the phone by the Skyworth Philippines, they told me that they have a total of more than 200 available service centers nationwide (Philippines). Therefore, it probably cater all your aftersales service needs. And in addition to that, they also catering home service.

Why I choose brand who offer a home service?

Simply, it save me lot and lot of time plus energy to move my deffective product from my place to another place. Therefore, ask the sales representative if there brand is catering home service. If not I am not saying to avoid it. It’s your discreetion…

How to know if the brand service center is excellent?

In my own opinion and experience as a consumer, if you really want to know an excellent aftersale service, try to call there hotline. If you get answer of your query on your first try, then it is excellent. But if not, then try again until third attempt. Beyond three attempts, expect a very bad and really worse aftersale service.

And beware also with those brand with an auto answering phone calls and let it hold you a couple of hours waiting. I experience that so many times reaching there service. Expect a really bad aftersale then, usually two to three months turn around time.

What is the usual turn around time of service for speakers?

Usually, turn around time for an aftersale should be 2 to 3 days only, but sometimes 7 days is still forgiving. Beyond 7 days, it a worse nightmare for consumer who pay the product but didn’t enjoy it.

Product Summary:

Product Model: Skyworth TB600 2.0 CH soundbar

Skyworth TB600 Specification:

  • Bluetooth Function
  • 2.0 CH with 30 Watts x 2 RMS
  • Digital – PLL – FM – RADIO/RDS
  • Aluminum front panel
  • MP3 Link / AUX-in

Author insight on Skyworth TB600

Based on what I’ve learn and experience during my usage of Skyworth TB600 2.0 CH Speaker, it safe for me to say that it reach my expectation and fair enough for inexpensive price that is only around 3,990 SRP. For the design it is good, while for the sound, TB600 is not that loud it is just right, somehow it is perfect for small room probably somewhere in 30 square meters. Bluetooth usage has no problem, FM Radio RF Antenna reception is fine, MP3 Link no problem as well as TV to speaker via composite inputs.

Everything You Need to Know: TV Technology and Terminologies

Basic TV, Digital TV, 2K Smart TV, 2K Android TV, 4K Smart TV, 4K Android TV, OLED TV & HDR TV, sounds great but more confusing, right? Therefore, before we proceed we will try to define each TV category in the most simplest term and easy to understand.

What is a Basic TV?

  • It is a type of TV commonly use for watching TV broadcast program.
  • It can play sounds, music videos and movies via use of USB.
  • Commonly, the resolution for this type is HD ready to FHD.
  • For the size, it ranges from 24-43”.
  • Interfaces includes USB, VGA, HDMI, MHL, earphone, RF, RGB, composite and audio jacks.

What is a Smart TV?

  • Has the functions of a Basic TV.
  • Has the capability to surf in the internet.
  • Interfaces includes USB ( USB 2.0 and USB 3.0), MHL Cable, VGA, HDMI, earphone, SPDIF, channel connector, RGB, composite audio jacks and additional LAN IN connection.
  • For the size, Smart TVs started from 32” and above.
  • Resolution started from HD to UHD.
  • Uses wireless connection called the Wi-Fi.

What is an Android TV?

  • Has the functions and features of a SMART TV.
  • Aside from using a software, android TV uses Android OS for its system.
  • It has a built-in memory that allows the user to install applications that can be used even on offline mode.
  • Android TVs are not virus prone as opposed to the popular belief. Android TVs can only read APK applications.

What is a Digital Signal Processor TV?

  • It can be Basic, Smart or Android TV.
  • It has 3 types: DVB, ATSC and ISDB-T.
  • ISDB-T is what the Philippines using.
  • The highest resolution that it can support is FHD.
  • The medium of receiving the signal is “T” which stands for “terrestrial” using an antenna .
  • It has an additional feature called the PVR (Personal Video Recoding) and EWBS (Emergency Warning Broadcast System).

What is a PVR or Personal Video Recording?

A good feature of the ISDB-T Digital TV that allows the user to record the program with the help of a USB or HDD. can only be used if the available signal in the area is digital. Recording can be done whether the TV is on or off(standby mode) however the time should be set before turning off the TV.

What is an Emergency Warning Broadcast System?

A system wherein the government has an access to a certain area to give an advisory like calamities including typhoon, earthquake, tsunami and the like. As of the moment, the standard of EWBS here in the Philippines is still not yet finalized. So the strict implementation here in the country can be expected in the near future.

What are he Digital TV Standards

Different digital TV standards in the world:

Europe:
DVB
According to the transmission medium:
DVB-S (Satellite)
DVB-C (Cable)
DVB-T (Terrestrial)

America:
Broadcasting-Terrestrial Standard: ATSC
Satellite/cable adopts European standard: DVB-S/DVB-C

Japan:
Broadcasting-Terrestrial Standard: ISDB-T
Satellite/cable adopts European standard: DVB-S/DVB-C

What is a Digital TV Standards here in the Philippines?
Philippines to adopt the Japanese Technology digital signal known as ISDB-T or the “Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting-Terrestrial”.

What is an Analog Signal Processor TV?

  • It can be Basic, Smart or Android TV.
  • It has 3 types: PAL, SECAM and NTSC.
  • NTSC is what the Philippines using.
  • The highest resolution that it can support is SD.
  • The medium of receiving the signal is “T” which stands for “terrestrial” using an antenna .

Analog TV Signal Formats

  • Different countries(areas) use different analog TV signal systems.
  • PAL(PAL D/K, PAL I, PAL B/G)625/50i
  • China, Vietnam: PAL D/K
  • Britain, HK: PAL I
  • Germany, Australia, Southeast Asia countries: PAL B/G
  • America, Japan, Canada, Taiwan, Philipines, etc.: NTSC 525/60i
  • France, Russia, Eastern Europe: SECAM 625/50i

Common TV Technical Terminologies

In this section we will try to find out and try to define some sales person technical words.

Pixel:
The smallest element or the basic unit that builds up an image in the screen. It is derived from the two words “Picture” and “Element”. It can sometimes refer as “dots” or “pel”. It is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen. Therefore, the more the pixel the clearer the picture is.

Resolution:
Refers to the total number of pixels in an image. It is expressed in two set of numbers which are the width and height. See figure below;

Hertz:
A unit of measurement (Hz) to describe frequency. One Hertz equals one cycle per second. In video, Hertz is used to describe a frame rate in frames per second.

Frequency:
Refers to the speed of transition of one frame to another. Its unit of measurement is express in Hertz (Hz). This is also known as the frame rate.

Response Time
-(unit: millisecond or ms) refers to the time that a generic system or functional unit takes to react to a given input.
E.g. Switching from one local channel to another.

Illustration of TV quick response time and TV Slow response time.

Viewing Angle:
Refers to the maximum angle at which a display can be viewed with acceptable visual performance. The higher the viewing angle means the clarity can be viewed even watching on the side of the TV. It can be measured horizontally or vertically.

An illustration of TV wide viewing angle and narrow viewing angle.

Viewing Distance:
The suggested distance of a viewer from the TV to appreciate the clarity of the graphics being played in the screen. Viewing at a nearer distance might result to noticing the pixels.

Suggested viewing distance to appreciate TV clarity.

Aspect Ratio:
Aspect Ratio of a Display is the proportional relationship between the width of a display and its height. The aspect ratio is expressed as two numbers separated by a colon (x:y). Current common aspect ratios for displays are 5:4, 4:3, 16:10 and 16:9.

Common aspect ratios for TV Displays

Types of TV According to Display Technology

CRT TV:
A term which stands for Cathode Ray Tube. A type of TV that uses a vacuum tube and a fluorescent lamp to produce images. This is already an obsolete or outdated type of TV.

CRT TV

PDP TV:
A term which stands for Plasma Display Panel. It uses ionized gasses between two panels of glass to produce images. This is already an obsolete or outdated type of TV.

Actual Plasma TV

LCD TV:
A term which stands for Liquid Crystal Display. It filters the light coming from its backlight to produce an image. The filter is called the “shutter-filter” and this produces “sub-pixel”. This “sub-pixels” blend together to produce pixel. The shade of color is controlled by changing the relative intensity of the light passing through the sub-pixels. It was initially commercially released by the year 2007.

lcd tv actual looks

First Generation LCD TVs have backlight called CCFL ( Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp. ) Advantages of LCD TVs over CRTs and PDPs are Lower Power Consumption, Slimmer and Lighter.

LED TV:
A term which stands for Light Emitting Diode. It is the 2nd generation LCD TVs but marketed as “LED TV” due to its LED backlight. It also uses LCD panel and same technology to produce images.

Advantages of LED TVs from LCD TVs:
1st Slimmer Design – This is due to its backlight.
2nd Lower Power Consumption – This is due to its backlight.
3rd Better Picture Quality- Dimming can be controlled thus giving an advantage in watching dark scenes. Brightness can also be controlled since LED backlight are easier to control.
4th Longer Lifespan of Backlight – LED lights have a lifespan of 100,000-120,000 hours compare to the 50,000-60,000 hours for CCFL.

OLED TV:
A term which stands for Organic Light Emitting Diode. Unlike a typical LED TV, OLED does not need a backlight. It uses a thin film which is made up organic material which is the carbon. This organic film has the capability to produce light when an electricity is supplied.





Types of TV According to Display Resolution

SD TV (Standard Definition)

SD TV resolution is 640 × 480 pixels (width x height) and aspect ratio of 4:3. This resolution is applicable for TVs with the size of 14 inches to 24 inches. It is commonly installed with the late CRT TV’s called as 480p TVs. At the moment Standard Definition is become an obsolete resolution.

HD TV (High Definition)
HD TV’s is more clearer than SD, it’s resolution is 1280 × 720 pixels (width x height) and aspect ratio of 16:9. High Definition can only be appreciated for TVs with the size of 24 inches to 40 inches. HD TV’s is also known as 720p TVs. However, it has two variations that makes confusions, the HD and the HD ready. The difference lies on the processing of signal through the use of antenna.

FHD TV’s (Full High Definition)
FHD TV’s resolution is 1920 × 1080 pixels (width x height) and aspect ratio of 16:9. Full High Definition can only be appreciated for TVs with the size of 40 inches to 50 inches. FHD TV’s is also called as 1080p TVs. Somehow it’s more clearer than SD and HD TV’s at some point. Because, if you play a low quality video on this kind of screen, I assure you, you really don’t like the result, it’s blurry or pixelated.

UHD TV (Ultra High Definition)
UHD TV’s resolution is 3840 × 2160 pixels (width x height) and aspect ratio of up to 16:9. Its camera sensor equivalent resolution is 8.3 MP and 4 times the resolution of FHD. Ultra High Definition is best appreciated for TVs that comes with the size of 55 inches and above. UHD TV’s is also known as 4k TV’s.

8K UHD TV’s (8K Ultra High Definition)
As of the writing 8K UHD TV’s is currently the higher version of Ultra High Definition. It’s resolution comes with 7680 x 4320 (width x height) and aspect ratio of up to 16:9. Its camera sensor equivalent resolution is 33.2 MP and 4X the resolution of UHD and 16X of FHD. 8K Ultra High Definition is best appreciated for TVs with the size of 85” and above. 8K UHD TV is commonly known as 8K TVs.

Types of TV According to Backlight Arrangement

DLED TV (Direct)

  • It can be a Basic, a Smart or an Android TV.
  • Physically, it’s thicker than an ELED TV. Thickness is due to the presence of backlight.
  • Power consumption is generally HIGHER than 20-30% .
  • Have an enhanced performance on the dark scenes due to the better control of the backlight.
  • Graphics are more brighter due to its better control of the backlight.

ELED TV (Edge)

  • It can be a Basic, a Smart or an Android TV.
  • Physically, it’s thinner than a DLED TV. Lights are placed on the edge of the frame.
  • Power consumption is generally LOWER than 20-30%.
  • Ideal for wall mounting .
  • ELED TV can still produce good quality of light due to the help of its “diffuser” that scatters the light evenly all over the screen.

Types of TV Panel General Classification

VA Panel (Vertical Alignment)

  • Vertical Alignment Panel is commonly known as the soft panel.
  • An obvious watermarks can be seen when you touch, lightly press or tap the panel.
  • VA Panel usually comes offer a wide viewing angle of up to 170 degrees.
  • VA is usually the best choice when it comes with colored images.
  • VA Panel is commonly seen on the following LED TV sizes; 14 inches, 19 inches, 24 inches, and 40 inches LED TV.

IPS Panel (In Plane Switching)

  • In Plane Switching panel is commonly known as the hard panel.
  • No to slight watermarks can be seen when you touch, lightly press or tap the panel.
  • IPS comes with more wider viewing angle of up to 178 degrees than VA Panel.
  • IPS is usually the best choice when it comes with on dark images.
  • It usually intalled on the following LED TV sizes; 32 inches, 43 inches, 50 inches, 55 inches and higher.

TV Terminal and Port

USB Port
USB port (either USB 2.0 or USB 3.0) is where in you can plug your USB drive to watch movies and videos, play music, view photos as well as read documents.

What is the difference between USB 2.0 and USB 3.0?

  • USB 2.0 comes in color either white, black or gray. While USB 3.0 is blue.
  • USB 2.0 comes in 4 pins. While USB 3.0 has 9 pins. The is the reason why USB 3.0 is much faster than 2.0.
  • USB 2.0 transfer speed is 480 megabit per second. While USB 3.0 transfer speed is 4,800 megabit per second.

HDMI (High Definition Multi-media Interface)

  • Connect HDMI Input signal from signal source such as DVD.
  • It is the first and only industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface.
  • By delivering crystal-clear, all-digital audio and video via a single cable, HDMI dramatically simplifies cabling and helps provide consumers with the highest-quality home theater experience.

Composite Video

  • Is an analog video transmission (no audio) that carries standard definition video typically at 480i or 576i resolution.

Component Video (a.k.a YPbPr or RGB)

  • By splitting the signal into three separate cables by delivering color and luminance through their own individual channels.
  • A component cable delivers a great picture with a minimum of interference.

S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format)

  • Is a type of digital audio interconnect cable used in consumer audio equipment to output audio over reasonably short distances. The signal is transmitted over either a coaxial cable with RCA connectors or a fibre optic cable with TOSLINK connectors.

Earphone Jack

  • Earphone or 3.5 mm jack, it is also termed a Phone Connector (Audio), audio jack, phone jack, phone plug, and jack plug. Specific models are termed stereo plug, mini-stereo, mini jack, headphone jack, microphone jack, tiny telephone connector, bantam plug.
  • It is cylindrical in shape, typically with two, three or four contacts. Three-contact versions are known as TRS connectors, where T stands for “tip”, R stands for “ring” and S stands for “sleeve”.

RF IN (Radio Frequency)
Connect a coaxial cable to receive signal from the antenna or cable. The global TV system in Philippines is NTSC.